Wednesday, 11 May 2011


Characteristics: Bean is a common name for large plant seeds of several genera of the family Fabaceae (alternately Leguminosae) used for human food or animal feed.
Beans have significant amounts of fiber and soluble fiber, with one cup of cooked beans providing between nine to 13 grams of fiber. Soluble fiber can help lower blood cholesterol.[10] Beans are also high in protein, complex carbohydrates, folate, and iron.
The common bean is a highly variable species with a long history. Bush varieties form erect bushes 20–60 cm tall, while pole or running varieties form vines 2–3 m long. All varieties bear alternate, green or purple leaves, divided into three oval, smooth-edged leaflets, each 6–15 cm long and 3–11 cm wide. The white, pink, or purple flowers are about 1 cm long, and give way to pods 8–20 cm long, 1–1.5 cm wide, green, yellow, black or purple in color, each containing 4–6 beans. The beans are smooth, plump, kidney-shaped, up to 1.5 cm long, range widely in color, and are often mottled in two or more colors.
Specific cares: Bean plants should not be planted until the danger of frost has passed and should be placed in moist, fertile soil to stimulate growth.
Abundant sunlight is also essential to the growth of healthy bean plants.
Gardeners should be careful to not harm the plant's root system when weeding, as the roots of the bean plant do not reach deep into the soil.
Plagues: There are many plagues such as: black rot, caused by a bacterium, blackleg or black stem,.
Measures: All beans, except cool-weather fava beans, are sensitive to frost and cold soil temperatures. Plant your main crop when the soil is warm and all danger of frost is past. Rotate the location of your bean crops from year to year to discourage disease. Snap beans (sometimes called string beans, although plant breeders have developed varieties without the tough string) are eaten whole, pod and all, when seeds inside are undeveloped or very small. Shell beans are eaten fresh after they are removed from the pod. Dried beans are harvested when the pods dry out, and they require extended cooking.
Price:3 TL (1,5 €)
Date of plantation and harvesting: May and July-August

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